The agricultural policies of the EU have become more market oriented and agricultural support is being provided without demands for any production. Production is determined by consumer demand; although the objectives of the policies are still intact, they are becoming increasingly dubious. Policies are expected to change radically with the budget review in 2013. Today, the Union consists of 27 countries with different opinions on what needs to be prioritized.
Agriculture has a pervasive influence on land use and therefore on environmental quality. The effects of agriculture on the environment can be positive, for example when agriculture preserves biodiversity, or negative, when agriculture causes pollution. Recognition of agricultures’ pervasive effects on the environment has resulted in large amounts of tax payers’ money being channeled to the sector for environmental protection.
AgriFood analyzes agricultural policies and related issues with the effective use of resources as a starting point. For example, what is the efficiency of different environmental policies related to the agricultural sector? Are there any reasons why politics are conducted at an EU level and what are the consequences of different reform proposals such as transfers of money from the single payment scheme to rural development measures?
AgriFood also evaluates the consequences of events in the world at large for Swedish agriculture. For example, is protection of the environment or animal welfare weaker in other countries than in Sweden? Are new animal diseases being spread and are we affected by WTO decisions?