Beställ publikationen

Alla publikationer kan beställas kostnadsfritt och med fri leverans

Beställ SLI-rapport 2001:3 här

Pressmeddelande

Läs pressmeddelande

Din beställning

Se din varukorg

Författare:


Ewa Rabinowicz

Evald Nalin

K.J. Thomson

SLI-rapport 2001:3

Subsidiarity, the CAP and EU Enlargement

Subsidiarity is the fundamental EU idea that the Union should not take on tasks that can be handled as or more efficiently by individual Member States. EU intervention in decision-making or financing must thus be shown to give added value, compared with national management. What precisely does the EU level add to agricultural policy? And what is lost by its centralisation?

As long as the CAP was almost exclusively about market regulation and trade policy, there was probably not much to discuss. But, as the policy has moved towards direct payments to farmers, the added value in its “common” status becomes increasingly unclear. What is the advantage of jointly deciding the size and structure of direct payments in different parts of the EU and financing them from a common budget? If different countries really have different preferences when it comes to prioritising agriculture at the expense of other sectors or objectives, what common EU interest is there in hindering subsidiarity? And why should environment measures, for nature or countryside conservation purposes – in northern Sweden, the Greek Islands or the Austrian Alps – be decided and financed jointly?

The issue of subsidiarity becomes even more relevant from an enlargement perspective. The enlargement eastwards of ten or so countries will change the EU markedly. Does enlargement changes the EU or its agriculture to the extent that a common policy is neither possible nor relevant?