Development projects often require balancing for example needs for housing or infrastructure and conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services. Ecological compensation means that the negative environmental impact of the development is compensated by recreating environmental values elsewhere.
The project illustrates methods for measuring social and ecological changes and provides guidance on when, where and how ecological compensation can be applied. In addition, economic and ecological effects of different forms of ecological compensation are studied.
The project is a collaboration between AgriFood and the Center of environmental and climate research at Lund University. The project is funded by the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and ends in 2020.