Eutrophication is destroying the unique Baltic Sea ecosystem. To improve water quality, emissions of the nutrients nitrogen and phosphorous must be radically reduced. As considerable costs are associated with reducing nutrient emissions while resources are scarce, it is crucial to consider cost effectiveness when designing nutrient reduction targets. Finding the solution that gives the most nutrient abatement to the least cost for society is also likely to increase the political feasibility of restoring the sea to a healthy state.
Download the Policy Brief as a PDF file: Policy Brief
The results in the Policy Brief are based on a published article: How unnecessarily high abatement costs and unresolved distributional issues undermine nutrient reductions to the Baltic Sea, Ambio