Other scientific publications

Methodology for including environmental outputs in cost and profit functions

Authors: Joakim Gullstrand  Mark Brady  Staffan Waldo 

Preservation of grazing land and preservation of biodiversity are important environmental objectives in Sweden. To evaluate the policies an extensive database containing biodiversity in pastures was constructed during 2002‐2004 (TUVA). The data is not directly usable for economic analysis and the paper contains a methodology to generate biodiversity indicators for economic analysis relating the farmer’s provision of biodiversity and production costs.


Joakim Gullstrand

Mark Brady

Staffan Waldo