We examined farmers’ costs of providing public goods under the Common Agricultural
Policy (CAP) and the expected impacts of the 2015 CAP “greening” reform on regional
development and provisioning of public goods. Less than half of CAP spending before
the reform was justifiable in terms of the delivery of specific public goods; and predicted
benefits from greening are low. We recommend re-allocating support to targeted and
landscape-scale payments, better matching the financing of public goods with the beneficiaries
and re-considering greening.
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